What Causes Common Types of Bad Breath Smells?

smelly tooth
  • Different types of bad breath
  • Other bad breath problems can be caused by
  • Prevention and Treatment
  • End of line

A bad breath condition, sometimes referred to as Halitosis is the cause of nearly half of the majority of people. In most cases it’s the result of something that’s in your throat or mouth, smelly tooth.

However, in certain instances the underlying medical issue could cause a specific oral odor.

Since bad breath could indicate an issue with your health It’s crucial to determine the difference between a minor irritation and when you should visit a dentist or medical specialist.

Sometimes, the nature of odor you experience can help identify the cause.

Common kinds of bad breath

The smell of bad breath may be caused by an issue in your mouth or in your digestive tract or due to metabolic processes that are taking place within your body.

Let’s review of some popular bad breath smells and their potential reasons.

Breath that is fruity or sweet

Diabetes that is not properly managed can result in an extremely dangerous health condition known as diabetes ketoacidosis. In addition to other signs that it may cause, the breath of your child to smell fruity or sweet.

Diets with low carbs and fasting may also make your breath smell or taste distinct. Some call it metallic. Others say the scent is sweet.

The low carb diet causes the body to burn fat to generate energy, which leads in the release of chemical known as ketones that are present in your urine and breath. The accumulation of ketones may alter the smell of your breath.

Breath that smells foul or an unpleasant fetid (like trash or even death)

A bacterial infection or abscess in your throat, mouth or lungs could make your breath smell like decaying tissue.

For instance, bronchiectasis, an illness that causes your bronchial tube (air passages) to widen and thicken and can result in chronic respiratory infections and excessive mucus that has strong odor and a strong fetid smell.

In addition, if dentures, crowns, or orthodontic devices do not fit correctly food particles can get stuck between the gaps. The smells of old food and bacterial growth could appear like decay.

Also, poor dental hygiene can result in:

  • cavities
  • ulcers
  • lesions
  • fistulas

These openings, which resemble wounds, can hold food particles that are decaying and release the smell of decay.

Another cause is an untreated periodontal condition ( gum disease).

Granulomatosis is a condition that can also cause decay or rotten breath. This is a very extremely rare inflammation disorder which can cause issues with kidneys, blood vessels, and nasal passages. 

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It is treatable if it is detected earlyenough, however the condition could become more serious in the event that it continues to worsen without treatment.

Breath that smells of polish remover

Carbohydrates provide quick-burning fuel for your body. If you’re following a lower carb diet such as keto or paleo diets it isn’t eating as much carbs. In the end, the body’s body burns fat instead of carbs which can result in the creation of the chemical acetone during the process.

Acetone is the chemical used in a variety of nail polish removers. It can also trigger an increase in AcetoneTrusted Source.

Breath that smells like sour

When you suffer from the gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD), the muscles between your esophagus as well as stomach isn’t closing properly. This means that food contents from your stomach could back up into your esophagus the throat, or even your mouth.

If you suffer from GERD and breath is a problem, it may be sour or smell like food that has been digested but not fully digested.

Breath that smells of urine

If there is something hindering the passage of waste through your intestines, then your breath might start to smell like the smell of feces.

If you have a blockage is likely to cause these issues as well as bad breath:

  • Bloating
  • vomiting
  • cramping
  • nausea
  • constipation

If you notice these signs It is important to seek medical attention as soon as you notice them as an obstruction to the bowel could be life-threatening.

Breath that smells like ammonia or urine

Breaths that smell of urine or ammonia is commonly referred to as anoxia. The cause of this condition is usually due to damage to the kidneys caused by injuries or diseases.

If your kidneys don’t get rid of enough nitrogen, the chemicals accumulate inside your body, causing ammonia-like odors.

Breath that has a musty smell

Patients suffering from liver disease which includes cirrhosis, experience breath that has a distinctive musty smell.

The distinct smell, fetor hepaticus trusted Source is caused through volatile organic substances (VOCs) which build up within your body when liver cells aren’t working in a proper way. Dimethylsulfide is believed by some to be principally responsible for the musty odor.

Breath that smells of maple syrup

The inability to properly metabolize three kinds of amino acids (leucine isoleucine valine) could cause the urine disorder derived from maple syrup that causes your urine or breath have the scent of maple syrup, and caramelized sugar.

This condition can lead to severe health problems and developmental issues If it’s not detected and treated in a timely manner.

Breath that smells of sweaty feet

The ability to break down proteins is essential for the proper functioning that your body. If your body doesn’t make enough types of enzymes that breakdown amino acids in your body, then the breath might be awash with one of a variety of distinct smells, based on the type of enzyme that isn’t functioning properly.

Isovaleric acidemia, which is a genetic disorder that affects babies, is a cause of a buildup of leucine within the blood, which causes an odor many say is like sweaty feet.

Breath that has a fishy scent

Trimethylaminuria is a different disorder of the enzyme that causes your body to not breakdown trimethylamine, an organic chemical. This could cause your sweat, breath and bodily fluids to emit an unpleasant odor.

A breath that has the scent like boiling cabbage

Hypermethioninemia is a genetic disorder, is in the case that your body doesn’t have the ability to process the amino acid methionine. It can cause your urine and breath to scent of cooked cabbage.

Patients with this condition typically don’t exhibit any other symptoms that aren’t related to this type of halitosis.